workshop 2009 ASIA 100
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#011 Shigeo Kobayashi
Shigeo KobayashiKyoto University
Professor,
Graduate School of Asian and African Area Studies

Domain:
Ecology and Environment

Area:
Southeast Asia (Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia and Laos)
Papua New Guinea West Africa (Guinea)
South America (Peru, Brazil and Argentina)

Asia for me:
I had studied forests from Hokkaido to Okinawa in my 20’s to 30’s. Then I had visited Fowantou Plateau and Chanpai Mountain where were similar Japanese Subalpine forests. My interests moved from East Asia to South East Asia where exist tropical seasonal forests in northern parts of Vietnam, Laos and Thailand in my 40’s to 50’s. Moreover, I have visited tropical rain forests in Indonesia, Malaysia, and Thailand. Asian mountains link to each other. I have realized those forest ecosystems have been degraded. And set the research subject on the landscape-level rehabilitation of degraded tropical forests: We need to develop landscape-level rehabilitation technologies for ecology in order to restore tropical forests and fragmented forest areas. Our studies for achieving this goal include: (1) the development of rehabilitation technologies for depleted forests, including selective clear-cutting sites, secondary growth forests and depleted shrub forests, and the valuation of biodiversity; (2) elucidation of methods for the rehabilitation of rubber plantations and depleted lands, and the characteristics of second-growth forest trees; and (3) evaluation of catalytic effects through the introduction of natural forest corridors to forests planted with fast-growing trees, and the development of site management methods. In addition, while (4) evaluating the social and economic adaptability of forest restoration management options and research on the formulation of land resource management plans at the landscape level with the participation of local communities (human security), we will work to (5) construct a database and international network for exchanging existing network information and integrating projects and promoting the integration of resurgence technologies for conservation of local environments.

Message for Learners:
The forest is talking to us, when we enter it. Here are my experiences of “conversations” with various forests. It is supposed to be yourselves who can catch the “talking” from the forests. Experiences and observations are essential for understandings of forests and natural environment.

Writings:
(1) PUSREHUT Special Publication (1990), “Initial phase of secondary succession at the burnt logged-over forest in Bukit Soeharto, East Kalimantan, Indonesia” Eds. Suhartoyo H. et al,
(2) CIFOR (2001) “Introduction: Rehabilitation of degraded tropical forest ecosystems” Eds. Kobayashi S. et al.,
(3) Proceedings of the Seventh Round-Table Conference on Dipterocarps (2004), “Silviculture management of natural Dipterocarp forests- The rehabilitation of logged-over forests” Eds. H. Aminah, et al.,
(4) Forest Ecology and Management (2004) “Landscape rehabilitation of degraded tropical forest ecosystems - Case study of CIFOR/Japan project in Indonesia and Peru”.
(5) Current Science (2007) “An overview of techniques for the rehabilitation of degraded tropical forests and biodiversity conservation”.

Favorites:
Whitmore, T.C. 1975. Tropical Rain Forests of the Far East, Clarendon Press.
Whitmore, T.C. 1992. An Introduction to Tropical Rain Forests, Oxford University Press.
Anderson, J.A.R. 1961. The Ecology and Forest Types of the Peat Swamp Forests of Sarawak and Brunei in Relation to Their Silviculture, Forest Department, Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia.
Ashton, P.S. 1964. A Manual of the Dipterocarp Trees of Brunei State. Oxford University Press.
Grime, J.P. 2001. Plant Strategies, Vegetation Processes, and Ecosystem Properties, Wiley.